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Helmut Knochen.

Helmut Knochen
Helmut Knochen was the senior commander of the Security Police and SD in Paris.

Helmut Knochen (March 14, 1910-April 4, 2003) was the senior commander of the Sicherheitspolizei (Security Police) and SD in Paris during the Nazi occupation of France during the World War II.

He was born in Magdeburg, Germany. Before joining the Nazi Party in 1932, he worked as a teacher and editor. In 1936, he joined the SS and became involved in the SD administration.

In 1940, he was appointed the senior commander of security in Paris. In 1942, the jurisdiction under his control stretched from northern France to Belgium. He was promoted to the rank of Standartenführer in the same year. Knochen was involved in the deportation of French Jews to concentration camps and was responsible for the execution of thousands of Frenchmen.

On the plot to assassinate Hitler of July 20, 1944, together with the top security man in Paris, Karl Oberg, he was arrested by Army troops under the command of Paris military governor, General Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel. He was released after the coup collapsed. Following the liberation of Paris, Knochen was transferred to the 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler.

In June 1946, a British Military Tribunal sentenced Knochen to death for the murder of British pilots. However, the sentence was never carried out. He was extradited to France in 1954 and sentenced to death. The sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment.

In 1962, Charles de Gaulle, pardoned him and he was later sent back to Germany, where he retired to Baden-Baden.

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