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Karl Jager (20 September 1888 - June 22, 1959) was a Swiss-born Nazi leader.
Jager was born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland. In World War I he received the Iron Cross (1st Class). He joined the Nazi Party in 1923 (serial no. 359269) and the SS in 1932 (serial no. 62823). He was assigned to Ludwigsburg, then to Ravensburg, in 1935, and to Munster in 1938, where he was named head of the local office of the Sicherheitsdienst (SD). During the invasion of the Netherlands on May 10, 1940, Jager was named commander of Einsatzkommando 3, a unit of Einsatzgruppe A.
From July 1941 until September 1943 Jager was assigned commander of the SD Einsatzkommando 3 in Kaunas, Lithuania. During this time, reports detailing calculated acts of mass murder were routinely submitted to his superiors. Some of these reports survived the war and are collectively referred to as the "Jager Report".
Reassigned back to Germany near the end of 1943, Jager was appointed commander of the SD in Reichenberg in the Sudetenland.
Jager escaped capture by the Allies when the war ended, assumed a false identity, and was able to assimilate back into society as an agriculturist until his report was discovered in March 1959. Arrested and charged with his crimes, Jager committed suicide in prison in Hohenasperg while he was awaiting trial in June 1959.
Among all Nazi documents detailing calculated acts of mass murder and other atrocities, the "Jager Report" is one of the most horrifying. It provides a detailed account of the murderous rampage of this "special squad" in Nazi-occupied Lithuania. Jager was instrumental in the brutal and systematic destruction of the Jewish community of Lithuania.
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