| Home. | Universe Galaxies And Stars Archives. | 
Universe Galaxies Stars logo.
     | Universe | Big Bang | Galaxies | Stars | Solar System | Planets | Hubble Telescope | NASA | Search Engine |

Nazi heavy tank battalions.


Ten Years Since The Revolution at Amazon.

SAS Black Ops at Amazon.
Amazon Kindle EBook Reader: Click For More Information.

Tiger Tank 1.
Tiger Tank 1 at Bovington museum.

Nazi heavy tank battalions (German: schwere-Panzer-Abteilung), were battalion-sized World War II tank units, equipped with Tiger I and later, Tiger II heavy tanks. Originally intended to fight on the offensive during breakthrough operations, the German late-war realities required them to be used in a defensive posture by providing heavy fire support and counterattacking enemy armored breakthroughs, often organised into ad-hoc Kampfgruppe. These panzer detachments were considered elite units.

Formation.

Early formation units experimented to find the correct combination of heavy Tiger tanks supported by either medium Panzer III tanks or scout elements. In 1942 this consisted of 20 Tigers and 16 Panzer IIIs, composed of two companies, each with four platoons of two Tigers and two Panzer IIIs. Each company commander would have an additional Tiger, and battalion command would have another two.

Later formations had a standard organization of 45 Tiger Tanks, composed of 3 companies of 14 Tigers each, plus 3 command vehicles. Maintenance troubles and the mechanical unreliability of the Tigers posed a continuous problem, so often the units would field a smaller number of combat-ready tanks.

The limited number of these heavy tanks, plus their specialized role in either offensive or defensive missions, meant they were rarely permanently assigned to a single division or corps; but shuffled around according to war circumstances.

By the end of the war, the following heavy panzer detachments had been created. Early units were re-built several times by the end of the war.

In addition to tanks, each battalion planned to include the following:
Description 1 July 1943 1 January 1945
Flakpanzer IV 0 8
8 ton 4x 2 cm Flak 6 3
Schutzenpanzerwagen 10 11
Bergepanzer V 0 5
18 ton Zugkraftwagen 8 7
1 ton Zugkraftwagen 8 13
Kettenkrad 0 14
Beiwagenkrad 25 0
Solokrad 17 6
Personenkraftwagen 64 38
Personenkraftwagen, zivil 2 1
Lastkraftwagen 111 84
Lastkraftwagen, zivil 24 34
Maultier 0 6
Kran-Kraftfahrzeug 3 3
Total 278 233

Army units.

Units attached to the German Army (Heer) were:

  • 501st German heavy tank battalion.
  • 502nd German heavy tank battalion.
  • 503rd German heavy tank battalion.
  • 504th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 505th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 506th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 507th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 508th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 509th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 510th German heavy tank battalion.
  • 3rd Battalion, Grossdeutschland Division (exception as they were permanently assigned) .

SS units.

Units attached to the Waffen-SS were:

  • SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 101 renamed in 1944, as SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 501, part of I SS Panzer Corps.
  • SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 102 renamed in 1944, as SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 502, part of II SS Panzer Corps.
  • SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 103 renamed in 1944, as SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 503, part of III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps.
  • SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 104 was planned 22 October 1943, for IV SS Panzer Corps, but was never formed .
Kill and Loss Ratio of the Tiger Battalions (1942 - 1945):
UnitLossesDestroyedRatio
501st German heavy tank battalion 120 450 3.75
502nd German heavy tank battalion 107 1,400 13.08
503rd German heavy tank battalion 252 1,700 6.75
504th German heavy tank battalion 109 250 2.29
505th German heavy tank battalion 126 900 7.14
506th German heavy tank battalion 179 400 2.23
507th German heavy tank battalion 104 600 5.77
508th German heavy tank battalion 78 100 1.28
509th German heavy tank battalion 120 500 4.17
510th German heavy tank battalion 65 200 3.08
13./Panzer-Regiment Gro▀deutschland 6 100 16.67
III./Panzer-Regiment Gro▀deutschland 98 500 5.10
13./SS-Panzer-Regiment 1 42 400 9.52
8./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2 31 250 8.06
9./SS-Panzer-Regiment 3 56 500 8.93
101 SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 107 500 4.67
102 SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 76 600 7.89
103 SS Heavy Panzer Battalion 39 500 12.82
TOTAL: 1,715 9,850 5.74

Tank losses include not only losses inflicted by other tanks. Also, many tanks were abandoned by their crews due a lack of fuel or ammunition, especially at the end of war. Thus, the real tank-to-tank ratios are higher.

References.

  • Schneider, Wolfgang (2000). Tigers in Combat I. Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books. ISBN 9780811731713. .
  • Wilbeck, Christopher (2004). Sledgehammers: Strengths and Flaws of Tiger Tank Battalions in World War II. Bedford: Aberjona Press. OCLC 200489614 .


  Print: Nazis heavy tank battalions.  


Universe - Galaxies and Stars: Links and Contacts

the web this site
 | GNU License | Contact | Copyright | WebMaster | Terms | Disclaimer | Top Of Page. |