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SAS regiment is also called the 22nd regiment.


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SAS assault the Iranian embassy London.
SAS Assault team prepare to storm Iranian embassy.

The SAS is a special forces regiment. The SAS was founded during WWII. The SAS serve all over the world. The SAS carry out anti-terrorist operation. The SAS are considered the elite of the British army. Very few soldiers pass selection into the SAS.

The Special Air Service or SAS is a special forces regiment of the British Army that has served as a model for the special forces of many other countries all over the world. The Special Air Service together with the Special Boat Service (SBS), Special Reconnaissance Regiment (SRR), and the Special Forces Support Group (SFSG) form the United Kingdom Special Forces under the command of the Director Special Forces.

While the Special Air Service traces its origins to 1941 and the Second World War, it gained fame and recognition worldwide after successfully assaulting the Iranian Embassy in London and rescuing hostages during the 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege, lifting the regiment from obscurity outside the military establishment.

The Special Air Service comprises 22 Special Air Service Regiment of the Regular Army, 21 Special Air Service Regiment and 23 Special Air Service Regiment provided by the Territorial Army. It is tasked with special operations in wartime, and primarily counter-terrorism in peacetime.

British SAS History

SAS in North Africa.
SAS on operations in North Africa.

The Special Air Service was a unit of the British Army during the Second World War, formed in July 1941 by David Stirling and originally called "L" Detachment, Special Air Service Brigade — the "L" designation and Air Service name being a tie-in to a British disinformation campaign, trying to deceive the Axis into thinking there was a paratrooper regiment with numerous units operating in the area (the real SAS would 'prove' to the Axis that the fake one existed). It was conceived as a commando force to operate behind enemy lines in the North African Campaign and initially consisted of five officers and 60 other ranks. Its first mission, in November 1941, was a parachute drop in support of the Operation Crusader offensive. Due to enemy resistance and adverse weather conditions, the mission was a disaster: 22 men, a third of the unit, were killed or captured. Its second mission was a success: transported by the Long Range Desert Group, it attacked three airfields in Libya, destroying 60 aircraft without loss. In September 1942 it was renamed 1st SAS, consisting at that time of four British squadrons, one Free French, one Greek, and the Folboat Section.

In January 1943, Stirling was captured in Tunisia and Paddy Mayne replaced him as commander. In April 1943, the 1st SAS was reorganised into the Special Raiding Squadron under Mayne's command and the Special Boat Squadron was placed under the command of George Jellicoe. The Special Raiding Squadron fought in Sicily and Italy along with the 2nd SAS, which had been formed in North Africa in 1943 in part by the re-naming of the Small Scale Raiding Force. The Special Boat Squadron fought in the Aegean Islands and Dodecanese until the end of the war. In 1944 the SAS Brigade was formed from the British 1st and 2nd SAS, the French 3rd and 4th SAS and the Belgian 5th SAS. It was tasked with parachute operations behind the German lines in France and carried out operations supporting the Allied advance through Belgium, the Netherlands, and eventually into Germany.

Post war SAS

SAS paratrooper on night drop exercise.
SAS paratrooper on night drop exercise.
SAS trackers.
SAS trackers in the Malaysian jungle: circa 1958.

At the end of the war the British Government saw no further need for the force and disbanded it on 8 October 1945. However, the following year it was decided there was a need for a long-term deep-penetration commando unit, and a new SAS regiment was to be raised as part of the Territorial Army. Ultimately, the Artists Rifles, raised in 1860 and headquartered at Dukes Road, Euston, took on the SAS mantle as 21st SAS Regiment (V) on 1 January 1947.

22 SAS Regiment

Since serving in Malaya, men from the regular army 22 SAS Regiment have taken part in covert reconnaissance and surveillance by patrols and some larger scale raiding missions in Borneo. An operation against communist guerillas included the Battle of Mirbat in the Oman. They have also taken part in operations in the Aden Emergency, Northern Ireland, and Gambia. Their Special projects team assisted the West German counter-terrorism group GSG 9 at Mogadishu. During the Falklands War D and G squadrons were deployed and participated in the raid on Pebble Island. Operation Flavius was an anti–terrorist operation in Gibraltar against the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA). The SAS counter terrorist wing famously took part in a hostage rescue operation during the Iranian Embassy Siege in London. It directed NATO aircraft onto Serb positions and hunted war criminals in Bosnia.

The Gulf War, in which A, B and D squadrons deployed, was the largest SAS mobilisation since the Second World War, also notable for the failure of the Bravo Two Zero mission. In Sierra Leone it took part in Operation Barras, a hostage rescue operation, to extract members of the Royal Irish Regiment. In the Iraq War, it formed part of Task Force Black and Task Force Knight, with A Squadron 22 SAS being singled out for exceptional service by General Stanley McChrystal, the American commander of NATO forces: during a six month tour it carried out 175 combat missions. In 2006 members of the SAS were involved in the rescue of peace activists Norman Kember, James Loney and Harmeet Singh Sooden. The three men had been held hostage in Iraq for 118 days during the Christian Peacemaker hostage crisis. Operations against the Taliban in Afghanistan involved soldiers from 21 and 23 SAS Regiments.

SAS Influence on other special forces

SAS storm building.
SAS prepare to storm building holding hostages.

Following the post-war reconstitution of the Special Air Service, other countries in the Commonwealth recognised their needs for Special Forces-type units. Australia formed the 1st SAS Company in July 1957, which became a full regiment of the Australian Special Air Service Regiment (SASR) in August 1964. The New Zealand Special Air Service squadron was formed in 1954 to serve with the British SAS in Malaya. On its return from Malaya, the C (Rhodesian) Squadron formed the basis for creation of the Rhodesian Special Air Service in 1961.

Non-commonwealth countries have also formed units based on the SAS. Impressed by the Australian SASR methods in Vietnam, American General William Westmoreland ordered the formation of a Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol (LRRP) unit in each infantry brigade, modelled on the SASR. Another American unit, Delta Force, was formed by Charles Alvin Beckwith, who served with 22 SAS as an exchange officer, and recognized the need for a similar type of unit in the United States Army. It is claimed the Israeli Sayeret Matkal was also modelled on the SAS and even shares the same "who dares wins" motto. The French 1st Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment can trace its origins to the Second World War 3rd and 4th SAS, also adopting its "who dares wins"

Organisation of the SAS

Little publicly verifiable information exists on the SAS, as the United Kingdom Government does not usually comment on special forces matters. The Special Air Service comprises three units: one Regular and two reserve Territorial Army (TA) units. The regular army unit is 22 SAS Regiment and territorial army units are 21 SAS Regiment (Artists) and 23 SAS Regiment.

SAS Squadrons.

22 SAS Regiment has four operational squadrons: A, B, D and G. Each squadron consists of approximately 60 men commanded by a major, divided into four troops and a small headquarters section. SAS Troops usually consist of 16 men, and each patrol within a troop consists of four men, with each man possessing a particular skill: signals, demolition, medic or linguist in addition to basic skills learned during the course of his training. The four troops specialise in four different areas:

  • Boat troop — are specialists in maritime skills using scuba diving, kayaks and Rigid-hulled inflatable boats and often train with the Special Boat Service.
  • Air troop — are experts in free fall parachuting, High Altitude-Low Opening (HALO) and High Altitude-High Opening (HAHO) techniques.
  • Mobility troop — are specialists in using vehicles and are experts in desert warfare; they are also trained in an advanced level of motor mechanics to field-repair any vehicular breakdown.
  • Mountain troop — are specialists in Arctic combat and survival, using specialist equipment such as skis, snowshoes and mountain climbing techniques.

In 1980 R Squadron was formed which has since been renamed L Detachment; its members are all ex-regular SAS regiment soldiers who have a commitment to reserve service.

22 Special Air Service Regiment 21 Special Air Service Regiment (Artists) 23 Special Air Service Regiment
'A' Squadron (Hereford) 'A' Squadron (Regent's Park) 'B' Squadron (Leeds)
'B' Squadron 'C' Squadron (Bramley) 'D' Squadron (Scotland)
'D' Squadron 'E' Squadron (Wales) 'G' Squadron (Manchester)
'G' Squadron

SAS Special projects team.

SAS at Balcombe Street siege.
SAS at Balcombe Street siege.

The special projects team is the official name for the Special Air Service anti–hijacking counter–terrorism team. It is trained in Close Quarter Battle (CQB) and sniper techniques and specializes in hostage rescue in buildings or on public transport. The team was formed in 1975 after Prime Minister Edward Heath asked the Ministry of Defence to prepare for any possible terrorist attack similar to the massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics and ordered that the SAS Counter Revolutionary Warfare (CRW) wing be raised.

Once the wing had been established, each squadron rotated on a continual basis through counter–terrorist training including hostage rescue, siege breaking, and live firing exercises — it has been reported that during CRW training each soldier expends as many as 100,000 pistol rounds. Squadrons refresh their training every 16 months, on average. The CRW wing's first deployment was during the Balcombe Street Siege. The Metropolitan Police had trapped a PIRA unit; it surrendered when it heard on the BBC that the SAS were being sent in.

The first documented action abroad by the CRW wing was assisting the West German counter-terrorism group GSG 9 at Mogadishu. In 1980 the SAS were involved in a hostage rescue during the Iranian Embassy Siege.

SAS United Kingdom Special Forces.

The Special Air Service is under the operational command of the Director Special Forces (DSF), a major-general grade post. Previously ranked as a brigadier, the DSF was promoted from brigadier to major-general in recognition of the significant expansion of the United Kingdom Special Forces (UKSF). The UKSF originally consisted of the regular and the reserve units of the SAS and the Special Boat Service, then joined by two new units: the Special Forces Support Group and the Special Reconnaissance Regiment. They are supported by the 18 (UKSF) Signal Regiment and the Joint Special Forces Aviation Wing, part of which (8 Flight Army Air Corps) is based in Hereford with the SAS.

SAS Recruitment, selection and training.

Pen y Fan 2,907 feet (886 m) above sea-level.
Pen y Fan 2,907 feet (886 m) above sea-level. The location for the Fan dance.

All members of the United Kingdom armed forces can be considered for special forces selection, but historically the majority of candidates have an airborne forces background. All instructors are full members of the Special Air Service Regiment. Selections are held twice yearly, in summer and winter, in Sennybridge in the Brecon Beacons. Selection lasts for five weeks and normally starts with about 200 potential candidates. On arrival candidates first complete a Personal Fitness Test (PFT) and a Combat Fitness Test (CFT). They then march cross country against the clock, increasing the distances covered each day, culminating in what is known as the Fan dance: a 14 miles (23 km) march with full equipment scaling and descending Pen y Fan in four hours. By the end of the hill phase candidates must be able to run 4 miles in 30 minutes and swim two miles in 90 minutes.

Following the hill phase is the jungle phase, taking place in Belize, Brunei, or Malaysia. Candidates are taught navigation, patrol formation and movement, and jungle survival skills. Candidates returning to Hereford finish training in battle plans and foreign weapons and take part in combat survival exercises, the final one being the week-long escape and evasion. Candidates are formed into patrols and, carrying nothing more than a tin can filled with survival equipment, are dressed in old Second World War uniforms and told to head for a point by first light. The final selection test is arguably the most gruelling: resistance to interrogation (RTI), lasting for 36 hours.

Typically, 15–20% of candidates make it through the hill phase selection process. From the approximately 200 candidates, most will drop out within the first few days, and by the end about 30 will remain. Those who complete all phases of selection are rewarded with a transfer to an operational squadron

SAS Reserve selection

The Territorial Army Special Air Service (reserve) Regiments undergo the same selection process, but as a part-time programme over a longer period:

  • nine weekends of endurance training;
  • one week endurance training in the Brecon Beacons, followed by
  • a one week assessment (Test Week) at the Beacons.

This is followed by Standard Operational Procedure (SOP) Training, comprising:

  • nine weekends patrol SOP's including surveillance and reconnaissance;
  • one-week live-firing including patrol contact drills and troop offensive action;
  • a nine-day battle camp comprising live-firing assessment and field training exercise to test the skills learned throughout selection;
  • culminating in Conduct after Capture (CAC) training.

On successful completion of this training, ranks are badged as SAS(R) and deemed fit for appointment. They enter a probationary period during which they complete final training:

  • Basic Parachute Course;
  • Special Forces Communications Course; and
  • a main training period to be fit for mobilisation.

SAS uniform distinctions.

SAS beret with flaming sword.
SAS beret with flaming sword.

The SAS (Special Air Service), like every British regiment, has its own uniform distinctions. Its normal barracks headdress is the sand-coloured beret, its cap badge is a downward pointing flaming sword (often wrongly referred to as a winged dagger) worked in cloth of a Crusader shield with the motto Who Dares Wins. SAS pattern parachute wings, designed by Lieutenant Jock Lewes and based on the stylised sacred Ibis wings of Isis of Egyptian iconography depicted in the décor of Shepheard's Hotel in Cairo, are worn on the right shoulder. Its ceremonial No 1 Dress Uniform is distinguished by a light blue stripe on the trousers; the Commanding Officer and officer of the day wear a black leather pouch belt mounted with a silver whistle chain and the Mars and Minerva badge of the Artists Rifles. Its Stable belt is a shade of blue similar to the blue stripe on the No 1 dress uniform.

SAS battle honours.

In the British Army, battle honours are awarded to regiments that have seen active service in a significant engagement or campaign, generally with a victorious outcome. The Special Air Service Regiment has been awarded the following battle honours:

North-West Europe 1944-45 · Tobruk 1941 · Benghazi Raid · North Africa 1940-43 · Landing in Sicily · Sicily 1943 · Termoli · Valli di Comacchio · Italy 1943-45 · Greece 1944-45 · Adriatic · Middle East 1943-44 · Falkland Islands 1982 · Western Iraq · Gulf 1991

SAS memorials.

SAS memorial.
SAS memorial to David Sterling founder of the SAS.

The names of those members of the SAS who have died on duty are inscribed on the regimental clock tower at Sterling lines. Inscribed on the base of the clock is a verse from the The Golden Road to Samarkand by James Elroy Flecker.

We are the Pilgrims, master; we shall go
Always a little further: it may be
Beyond that last blue mountain barred with snow
Across that angry or that glimmering sea ...

The other main memorial is the SAS and Airborne Forces memorial in the Cloisters at Westminster Abbey. There is also the SAS Brigade Memorial at Sennecey-le-Grand in France commemorates the wartime dead of the Belgian, British and French SAS and recently a memorial plaque was added to the David Stirling Memorial in Scotland. There are other smaller memorials "scattered throughout Europe and in the Far East".

In recent years SAS officers have risen to the highest ranks in the British Army. General Peter de la Billière was the Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in the 1990 Gulf War. General Michael Rose became commander of the United Nations Protection Force in Bosnia in 1994. In 1997 General Charles Guthrie became Chief of the Defence Staff the head of the British Armed Forces. Lieutenant-General Cedric Delves was appointed Commander of the Field Army and Deputy Commander in Chief NATO Regional Headquarters Allied Forces North in 2002–2003.

In 1950, a 21 SAS squadron was raised to fight in the Korean War. After three months of training in England, it was informed that the squadron would no longer be required in Korea and so it instead volunteered to fight in the Malayan Emergency. Upon arrival in Malaya, it came under the command of Mike Calvert who was forming a new unit called the Malayan Scouts (SAS). Calvert had already formed one squadron from 100 volunteers in the Far East, which became A Squadron — the 21 SAS squadron then became B Squadron; and after a recruitment visit to Rhodesia by Calvert, C Squadron was formed from 1,000 Rhodesian volunteers. The Rhodesians returned home after three years service and were replaced by a New Zealand squadron. By this time, the need for a regular army SAS regiment had been recognised; 22 SAS Regiment was formally added to the army list in 1952 and has been based at Hereford since 1960. In 1959 the third regiment, 23 SAS Regiment, was formed by renaming the Reserve Reconnaissance Unit, which had succeeded MI9 and were experts in escape and evasion

SAS other descriptions of The Regiment.

The origins of modern-day Commandos can be traced back to the Boer War. Also known as the South African War, 1899 - 1902. An expensive and brutal colonial war. It pitted almost 500,000 imperial troops against 87,000 republican burghers, Cape 'rebels', and foreign volunteers."

The name Commando was given by the British to the Boer irregular troops in recognition of their exceptional marksmanship and guerrilla-style warfare.

SAS: Storm Troopers.

In World War One, the opposing armies had reached a stalemate. Victory was possible but at great cost to both sides, and the current tactics had to be improved on. Storm troopers, deployed by the German Army, were sent before the first wave of an attack, to seize essential sites. Lightly armed and equipped, but possessing better weaponry than the average infantryman, they had the edge in trench warfare. Relying on speed rather than brute force to take targets, the Storm troopers were normally exposed to artillery and machine-gun fire for short periods at a time.

SAS: paratroops.

The first paratroops were not British, German or even American. It was the Russians - after picking up the original idea from Italy - who showed the world the potential of airborne strikes. They could achieve much more with a lot less equipment, and could be deployed into trouble spots quicker. This was demonstrated by a training exercise held in the 1930s, in the Ukraine, when Russian troops parachuted onto an 'enemy-held' airport, secured it, and then waited to be further reinforced by air and then by armoured forces.

Unfortunately for the British, the idea went over their heads. It was not until 22 June, 1940, that British war-time Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, called for the formation of a corps of 'at least five thousand parachute troops, suitably organised and equipped'. This was the foundation of Britain's Parachute Regiment. The Americans did take notice but had other things on their mind - in 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbour. It fell to the Germans to be the first to utilise airborne troops to their fullest extent. The effectiveness of this new form of waging war was demonstrated when, in 1941, the Germans invaded Crete, and then Norway, with airborne troops.

SAS: Marine Commandos.

By the time Britain's parachute regiments were up and combat-effective, most of mainland Europe and the off-shore Channel Islands were under the control of the Axis countries. Britain and her British Commonwealth allies simply did not possess enough resources to attempt to liberate this occupied territory. The war in North Africa was raging. The idea of small Commando raids arose as an acceptable solution to appease public discontent. Here was a way Britain could co-ordinate attacks on mainland Europe without openly engaging the Germans in battle. Marine Commandos (now known as the Royal Marine Commandos) struck at St Nazaire, the 'largest dry dock in the world'. Not only was it the only dock capable of servicing the giant battleships Tirpitz, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, it was an important U-Boat base. Dieppe was raided by the Marine Commandos and Walcheren was seized by them.

SAS Jeeps in the desert.
SAS jeeps on mission north africa 1943.

SAS: North African Campaign - WW2.

This campaign was fought mainly because of two things. The first was the Suez Canal, which was vital to control the Middle East. The second was Middle East oil resources. Should the Axis powers attempted seizure of the oil fields in Russia fail (which it did), then the Axis coalition would need to find a supply of oil elsewhere. The only thing that stood in its way was, at first, a small British Commonwealth Army under the over-all command of General Wavell. The Italians they faced outnumbered them 10-1, and promptly, due to far inferior equipment, low morale and poor logistics, found themselves with the military equivalent of a bloody nose, broken ribs and two shattered knee caps. Hitler could only do one thing. He sent in one of his best units, the Afrika Korps, with General 'Desert Fox' Rommel at the helm. The two armies grew in size and since neither could quite finish the other off, found themselves in virtual stalemate, coming and going across the desert areas surrounding Egypt and Libya.

SAS founder David Sterling.
SAS David Sterling founded the Special Air Service.

SAS: Special Air Service.

At about this time David Stirling, the founder of the SAS, was lying in a hospital bed, injured in a parachute jump mishap. A subaltern in the Brigade of Guards, he had noted the inefficiency of commando raids. Realising the same results, or better, could be achieved with much smaller groups of men, on his return to active duty he bluffed his way into the 8th Army headquarters and put his idea to General Ritchie. At the time, the Allied forces were on the run from Rommel's army. Because it would not require much in logistics, Stirling's idea appealed to Ritchie, who named the new unit, the Special Air Service Brigade. The idea behind the name was to give the Germans the impression that the Allies had a large airborne force in North Africa.

Harsh selection and training was implemented straight from the regiment's first day. Recruiting and training took less than a week. The initial SAS force consisted of six officers and 60 enlisted men. The two officers that Stirling most wanted, Paddy Mayne and Jock Lewes, would write themselves into SAS folklore.

SAS: Shaky Beginnings.

The SAS's first operation went badly. Stirling had perceived the best method of getting behind enemy lines was by parachute. Alas, the weather was so bad that the ground was impossible to see by the pilots. The parachutists landed way off target. They had to leg it across to Allied lines, which was no mean feat. Less than half the force eventually made it back to base. Fortunately, Allied High Command was more concerned about German Field Marshall Erwin Rommel and his new offensive.

Stirling was not put off, and co-ordinated with the successful reconnaissance group, the Long Range Desert Group. The plan was that the LRDG would provide the transport, and the SAS, the destruction. They went after anything in range, such as airstrips and even Rommel's headquarters. Eventually the Germans lost hundreds of aircraft and scores of supply posts to SAS raids.

In Tunisia, in 1943, Stirling paid the price for leading from the front. Captured, he escaped four times before he was transferred to Colditz Castle prison camp for the remainder of the war.

Many 'Private Armies', as the General Staff called them, relied on the 'charisma and drive of one man', but perhaps the true sign of SAS skill and bravery, was, even without Stirling's charismatic leadership, they continued to inflict heavy damage on the Axis war machine.

SAS: Spectacular Statistics.

The SAS caused havoc in Italy and in Operation Wallace (post D-Day landings). After a battle in Dijon, it was estimated that they had killed 7,731 Germans, captured 4,784 prisoners and destroyed, or took control of, 700 vehicles. 164 railway lines were cut, seven trains were destroyed and 33 were derailed. Perhaps, the most dubious recognition of the SAS's success was the Fuhrer Directive, calling for all captured Commandos to be shot.

These men are highly dangerous... they must be ruthlessly exterminated.
- Adolf Hitler

This meant Axis forces were supposed to shoot anybody who was not a downed airman. The order was in breach of the Geneva Convention The order had fateful consequences for the 'Cockle Shell Heroes' Marine Commandos sent to destroy Axis shipping in the Loire. Eight were captured and shot, while two escaped. The mission was successful. Some people who obeyed this order would eventually be prosecuted for war crimes.

After WW2 the scaling down of the armed forces looked likely to foreshadow the end of the Commandos. All were scrapped, save the Marine Commandos, who were merged into the Royal Marines, leaving only a territorial unit of the SAS (21 SAS).

SAS: Fighting Communists.

Somewhat fortuitously, the Malaysian Emergency in the 1960s resurrected the SAS. In the form of the Malaysian Scouts they would perform counter-insurgency operations against the communist insurgents. One of the reasons Malaysia, in its present form, is here today is through the success of the SAS.

The SAS were then given a regular regiment, the 22nd and another territorial unit, the 23rd. The 22nd would see action over the ensuing forty years in numerous theatres of war, establishing themselves once again as one of the worlds 'premier' special forces.

SAS: Oman.

In Oman, communist insurgents were battling against the pro-British Sultan. The SAS was sent in twice in the guise of British Army Training Teams (BATT) to help train up the Sultan's troops and fight themselves. One of the most notable battles was in Jebel Akhdar, where troopers assaulted a rebel stronghold ensconced in a previously unassailable place. Another was the Battle of Mirbat, where insurgents or 'adoo' were attempting to raise flagging support by assaulting a garrison town. Only the SAS and gratefully-accepted air support from the Oman Air Force prevented this occurring.

SAS: On Home Ground.

Undoubtedly, one of the more famous missions the SAS has undertaken was the siege at Princess Gate, London, home of the Iranian Embassy. Terrorists, financed by Iraq's Saddam Hussein, attempted to force Britain to use its (almost nil) influence on Iran to restore the deposed Shah to his throne. The British government sent in the SAS, resulting in defeat for the terrorists. Two innocent people died; a hostage was shot before the SAS went in, and in the ensuring assault, the assistant press attaché was killed. All bar one of the terrorists died.

SAS in the Falklands.
SAS patrol prepares itself during the Falklands war.

SAS: The Falklands Conflict.

In 1982, the ruling Argentine military junta took the world by surprise when they invaded the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. Resistance by the Royal Marines was spirited, until ordered to surrender by the island's Governor. In Britain, a Task Force featuring 2 and 3 PARA, a Commando Bridge (40, 42, 45 Commando) and light tanks of the Blues and Royals was assembled. The SAS was also mobilised. Along with mounting reconnaissance missions into the occupied islands, the SAS staged diversionary raids when the sea-based British Taskforce mounted their successful action to reclaim the islands. Perhaps the most daring raid of this war was the attack on an airfield in Pebble Island. Ten Pucara ground-based aircraft had to be eliminated before the task force could commence landing. The SAS destroyed all the aircraft and eliminated the garrison.

Allegedly, as a countermeasure to cover for Britain's lack of airborne-early-warning aircraft to detect the Argentine Super Etendards and their Exocets, two groups of SAS were dropped into mainland Argentina. They took up positions where they could see the aircraft land and take off, and hence give warning to the British Fleet. The book Soldier K which is part fiction, part fact, is based on this premise. What is not in doubt is that a Royal Navy Sea King did crash-land in mainland Chile.

SAS: Combating Saddam Hussein.

Perhaps the SAS's worst disaster was Bravo 2-0 (Northern Road). In 1990 Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein, invaded and annexed the tiny oil-rich state of Kuwait. He then had to face a coalition of the mightiest military powers ever assembled. His only possible way of winning such a war was to provoke Israel into the war by attacking her with SCUD missiles. He hoped this would break up the fragile coalition, as the Arab nations would now refuse to fight. From 1949 to 1996, Israel was in a state of war with most Arab countries.

To combat the SCUD threat, and cause general mayhem, three SAS sections were deployed by helicopter into the flat, desolate, Iraqi desert. Two of the sections got straight back into their helicopters and flew back to base. The one that didn't was Bravo 2-0. Hampered by inaccurate radio frequencies and a position dangerously close to an Iraqi outpost, they were compromised and had to make a fighting retreat across the Iraqi desert to Syria. Only one made it, Corporal 'Chris Ryan'. The rest were either captured - Sergeant 'Andy McNab' - or died. What happened in Iraq was a shambles, to put it mildly. What Bravo 2-0 did to get themselves out of their position was hugely creditable. They left 200 Iraqi soldiers dead. They pushed their minds and bodies to the limit - either from self-torture, or sheer bloody mindedness - to get home.

After this debacle, SAS squadrons operated in armed Landrovers, and achieved remarkable success. By enforcing a no-go zone, where no SCUD Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) would venture across. The SCUD missiles no longer had the range to strike Israel.

SAS: The Balkans.

More recently, in Bosnia, SAS teams were detailed to provide laser spotting on the artillery pieces bombarding the city of Sarajevo. SAS personal have also provided reconnaissance of possible landing zones in Kosovo for the Air Mobile elements of the British Army and to observe Serbs withdrawing from previously-held positions in the province. An on-going SAS operation is the seizure of suspected war criminals in the former Yugoslavia.

SAS: Northern Ireland.

Over many years, Britain's SAS has operated in Northern Ireland. Their on-going efforts to help build a lasting-peace between the warring Catholic and Protestant militia is outside the scope of this article.

SAS: Liaison And Training.

In the SAS's Counter Terrorist (CT) and Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) roles, the SAS liaise with, and train, many of the premier HRT teams based in other countries. These include Germany's GSG 9 and France's GIGN, among others.

SAS Handguns and Pistols.

Browning High Power 

SAS Browning Pistol.
SAS Browning 9mm pistol.

Country of Origin: Belgium 
Designation: Pistol 
Cartridge: 9mm Parabellum 
Production Date: 1993 
Dimensions: 
Length: 200mm 
Weight: 875g 
Capacity: 14 rounds 

The Browning is the SAS's main battle side arm, it's big, heavy and reliable in the field, however I believe when in Close Quarters (hostage rescues etc) this isn't the weapon of choice, it is a little to big and heavy to be snapped around quickly.

Sig P228 

SAS SIG Pistol.
SAS quick response pistol, the SIG P228.

Country of Origin: Switzerland 
Designation: Pistol 
Calibre: 9mm Luger, .357 SIG, .40 SW 
Dimensions:  
Length: 180mm 
Weight: 770g 
Capacity: 12 rounds 

http://world.guns.ru/handguns/hg60-e.htm 

When it comes to Close Quarters Battle the SAS use the Sig P228, it is lighter and slightly shorter than the Browning meaning that it can be manoeuvred more easily and aiming is that little bit quicker and steadier. 

It's worth noting that you don't want a really powerful gun when in close quarters, the weight of the gun means you can't snap around as quickly, which means you take longer to aim and the weight of the gun makes your aim less steady, and there is also a much greater recoil which messes up your aim. 

You also have to face the possibility that when you shoot a bad guy your bullet needs to stay in them and doesn't go through them and harm any hostages behind, or bounce of the wall, the SAS actually use special rounds when storming (planes particularly) that explode on impact, so that stray fire doesn't bounce off and hit a hostage (loaded in the Heckler and Koch's as well as handguns.) 

The trooper will use the double tap method, firing twice very quickly before moving onto the next target. He will aim for the mouth, doing so cuts the spinal cord and blows out part of the brain (messy!) which prevents the brain sending the 'pull the trigger' signal to the gunman's finger.

Heckler & Koch P11 Underwater Pistol 

SAS pistol for underwater.
Underwater pistol used by the SAS.

Calibre: 7.62mm x 36 
Country of Origin: Germany 
Designation: Pistol 
Cartridge: Unknown 
Production Date: Unknown 
Dimensions: 
Sight: From front to rear 146mm 
Length: 200mm 
Width: 60mm 
Weight Loaded: 1200g 
Battery Unit Weight: 700g 
Capacity: 5 rounds 

Very little is known about the HK P11. It is a special pistol that fires underwater. What is known is that it will fire five shots, but after the five shots are fired, there is a significant delay in reloading, even slower than a revolutionary war muzzleloader. You must send the upper unit back to the factory for reloading! 

HKPRO recently acquired more detailed information about the P11. It was designed in the 1970s, and entered service in 1976. It has never been officially acknowledged by HK. It fires darts of 7.62 x 36 calibre either above or underwater. The effective range of the P11 is reported at 30 meters above water, with a report barely louder than an MP5SD. Underwater, the effective range is 10-15 meters. 

The P11 is reportedly in service with German combat divers, the British SAS, and 100 units to U.S. spec-ops forces. It is also used by Dutch, Danish, Norwegian and Israeli combat divers.

Information kindly provided by www.hkpro.com 

 

Walther P99 

SAS Walther P99 pistol.
SAS Walther P99 pistol.

Calibre: 9mm 
Length: 180mm 
Barrel Length: 102mm 
Weight: 720g 
Capacity: 16 rounds 

The SAS use the Walther PPK as their secondary weapon, hidden in an ankle pouch during CRW duties and body guarding, however the PPK is an old gun so it makes sense that the SAS would use the newer P99. 

The design of the P99 was initiated in 1994, and a handgun was presented in 1996. The main goal was to develop a new modern style police and self-defence handgun that incorporates all the latest developments but costs less than its predecessor the Walther P88. 

Walther P99 is a recoil operated, locked breech gun, that used modified Browning style locking via extraction port in the slide. It is striker fired, and has no manual safeties and three automatic safeties: Striker safety, Trigger safety and Out of battery safety. Also, it has manual de-cocking button in the rear upper part of the slide. Also Walther developed QA action, which has partially pre-charged stricer that must be manually charged to full stroke via each trigger pull. 

P99 has polymer frame with removable backtrap of the handle, to provide to shooters better fit in the hands (3 sizes are standard). Also P99 incorporates recoil compensator. 
 
The 'military' version differs only in colour; the frame is military green instead of the standard black. This guns is reported as extremely reliable and very accurate, especially in the 9mm version. 

Taken From: 
http://world.guns.ru/handguns/hg14-e.htm

The SAS - Assault Guns

SAS Colt Diemaco.
Colt Diemaco.

Diemaco C7FT (M16 A2) 

Calibre: 5.56mm NATO round 
Capacity: 30 rounds 
Barrel: Hammer Forged 
Barrel Length: 50cm 
Length: 100cm 
Weight: 3.2kg (empty) 3.7kg (loaded 
Rate of fire: 700 - 900RPM 
 
The M4 was replaced by the Diemaco C8 Carbine, so I think it is a fair assumption that the M16 may well have been replaced by the Diemaco C7FT, as such the statistics are for the C8, however they are virtually identical. 
The C7FT Rifle has a Flat Top upper receiver with Standard Weaver / Picitinney sight rail permitting the use of a full range of sighting and tactical accessory options.  
The C7FT Rifle has a firing mechanism that permits either single shot or full automatic firings. A 3 round burst option is also available.  
The rifle is designed and configured to be easily operated and maintained under severe military service conditions.  
This rifle can be operated either right or left handed without modification or reconfiguration.  
All user maintenance is performed without tools, and all armourer maintenance can be performed at the unit level, with a minimum of special tools and gauges.  
The C7FT Rifle is fully compatible with cold weather clothing, NBC equipment/protective gear, night vision sights and devices, and simulation/training systems.

http://www.diemaco.com/ 

Features: 

The M16A2 5.56mm rifle is a lightweight, air-cooled, gas-operated, magazine-fed, shoulder- or hip-fired weapon designed for either automatic fire (3-round bursts) or semiautomatic fire (single shot) through the use of a selector lever. The weapon has a fully adjustable rear sight. The bottom of the trigger guard opens to provide access to the trigger while wearing winter mittens. The upper receiver/barrel assembly has a fully adjustable rear sight and a compensator which helps keep the muzzle down during firing. The steel bolt group and barrel extension are designed with locking lugs which lock the bolt group to the barrel extension allowing the rifle to have a lightweight aluminium receiver.

 
Background: 

The M16A2 rifle is a product improvement of the M16A1 rifle. The improvements are:  
an improved rear sight which can be easily adjusted for windage and range 
a burst control device, that limits the number of rounds fired in the automatic mode to three per trigger pull, which increases accuracy while reducing ammunition expenditure 
a muzzle compensator, designed to reduce position disclosure and improve controllability and accuracy in both burst and rapid semi-automatic fire 
a heavier barrel with a 1 in 7 twist to fire NATO standard SS 109 type (M855) ammunition which is also fired from the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW). This further increases the effective range and penetration of the rifle cartridge.

http://www.hqmc.usmc.mil/factfile.nsf/

 

Heckler & Koch G36K 

SAS Heckler & Koch G36K.
SAS use the Heckler & Koch G36K.

Calibre: 5.56 x 45mm NATO (.223 Remington). 
Sight: 1) Dual sighting system - 3.5x. 2) Export Sight - 1.5x. 
Magazine: 30 round 
Trigger Groups: safe, semi-automatic and fully automatic 
Buttstock: Folding buttstock 
Weight: 7.28lb 
Length: 39.29" with stock out 
Known to have been used by the SAS in Afghanistan and claimed by many military personnel as being the best military rifle ever.

http://www.hk-usa.com/

G36 
A new development for HK, the G36 is a true modular weapon system in calibre 5.56x45mm NATO (.223 Remington). Constructed almost entirely of a tough, carbon fibre reinforced polymer material and using a simple, self-regulating gas system, the G36 provides the user with a lightweight weapon that delivers high performance with extremely low maintenance. The barrel of the G36 can be exchanged by unit armouries to create a rifle, carbine, or light support variant using the same common receiver. Exhaustively tested and currently fielded with the German Armed Forces (including the new NATO Rapid Reaction Force), and now on trial by the SAS. 

G36 features include: 
The low mass of the bolt and ergonomic in-line relationship of the barrel and the buttstock translate to a highly-controllable weapon when fired in fully automatic mode of fire. 
The G36 gas system does not direct fouling back into the weapon's interior like conventional gas operated rifles. This insures reliable operation even after firing more than 15,000 rounds without cleaning. The polymer components can easily be cleaned with water-based cleaning solutions, or even water. 
Tough 30-round translucent polymer magazines lock together without magazine clamp. They are 30% lighter than metal magazines and are corrosion proof. 100-round dual drum magazine can also be used in all G36 models. 
Ambidextrous safety/selector lever allows for easy actuation without adjusting the firing grip. 
The location and function of the G36 operating controls mirror those of the roller-locked HK rifles and MP5 submachine guns, reducing training time and cost. 
Ambidextrous cocking lever doubles as forward assist and can be used to silently chamber a round. 
Ambidextrous bolt catch button. The bolt catch holds the bolt to rear on the last round fired and can be disabled by the shooter without tools, allowing the bolt to close when the magazine is fired empty. 
A variety of trigger groups mechanisms are available for the G36 including the standard "SEF" group, "Navy" trigger group with safe, semi-automatic (3 rounds per trigger squeeze), fully automatic modes of fire and a single-fire trigger. 
Detachable folding bipod. 
All models use a strong, right side folding buttstock that allows for normal operation and firing when folded. 
Chrome-plated, cold hammer forged barrel with 1 in 7 inch twist rifling 
Integral mounting rail allows the HK UTL (Universal Tactical Light) to be installed in seconds. 
Downward ejection of spent cartridge cases reduces visual signature 
G36s operate reliably with frangible training ammunition without special muzzle devices. Blank and safety blank firing devices that use conventional blank ammunition are available as accessories. 
G36 weapons are available with two sighting options: 
 

Option 1-the "Export" sight. This single sight system uses a 1.5x optical sight integrated into the detachable carrying handle Backup iron sights are located on the top of the sight and carrying handle.. 
Option 2-the Dual sighting system. The dual sighting system consists of a 3.5X optical sight topped with electronic red dot sight. Sights are independently adjustable to meet the operational requirements of the user. The dual sight can be powered with ambient light through an open port during daylight periods. 

The pictures are mostly of the G36, the SAS are likely to be using the newer G36K, which is quite similar, the most obvious difference being the introduction of a folding stock.

http://www.hkpro.com/G36.htm

 

SA80

British assault rifle SA80.
SA80 sometimes used by the SAS.

The SA 80 Individual Weapon is the British Army's Standard combat rifle, made by Enfield/Royal Ordinance and fires NATO standard 5.56 x 45mm ammunition; and has been in service since 1989.

Weight: 4.98kg complete with loaded magazine and optical sight. 
Length: 750mm. 
Muzzle Velocity: 940mls. 
Feed: 30 round magazine. 
Effective range: 500m. 
Rate of Fire: 610/770 rounds/min. 

Not really used by the SAS, because of problems with the rifles' reliability in adverse conditions. However they do use it when troopers are having to pose as regular British army troops. 
 

SA80 is the designation for a revolutionary family of assault weapons. The British Army uses the L85 Individual Weapon that replaced the rifle and sub-machine gun, and the L86 Light Support Weapon (LSW) that produces higher volumes of fire and is effective at longer ranges. A standard army infantry section consists of two four-man fire teams armed with SA80s: three IWs and one LSW.

Both weapons have been modified in light of operational experience, and had a major mid-life update in 2002, which resulted in the SA80A2 series - (however despite army claims the 'new' SA80 still has reliability issues.)

One new Under slung Grenade Launcher (UGL), designed to be mounted beneath the barrel of the IW, will be issued to each fire team, replacing the Rifle Grenade General Service (RGGS) and 51mm mortar – significantly reducing the ammunition load the infantry section carries, while enhancing its capabilities. The UGL will be able to fire 40mm High Explosive (HE), smoke and illuminating rounds out to a range of 350 m to destroy, obscure or indicate enemy positions.

(http://www.army.mod.uk/) 2005

 

The rifle is fitted with a high-performance optical sight (SUSAT - Sight Unit Small Arms Trilux) of x 4 magnification, which enables the weapon to be used operationally under poor light conditions and is also useful for surveillance. The sight is mounted on a bracket that incorporates range adjustment and zeroing. 

The rifle can also be fitted with image-intensifying sights.

 

With thanks to 'Defiiant' for corrections to this page

 

Diemaco C8 Carbine 

Diemaco C8 Carbine.
Diemaco C8 Carbine.

Calibre: 5.56mm NATO round 
Capacity: 30 Rounds 
Barrel: Hammer Forged 
Barrel Length: 36cm 
Overall Length: 76cm - 85cm 
Trigger: Safe, Semi-Auto, three round fire and Fully Auto 
Weight: 2.7kg (empty), 3.2kg (full) 
Collapsible Buttstock 

The Colt made M4 Carbine was last year replaced by the Canadian firm Diemaco's, C8 Carbine, it is however ostensibly the same weapon. 

Known to have been used by the SAS in all recent operations including Iraq, Kosovo and Afghanistan, the C8 (or the M4 before then) is normally used when a lighter more flexible weapon than the M16 (C7) is required.  For example, when there is an increased likelihood of close quarters fighting, such as in Afghanistan where Taliban ambushes were expected, the M4 can be moved around more quickly by the trooper. 

There are four versions of the C8, standard, C8FT (flat top) which allows the addition of a range of different sights, and the C8FTHB (flat top heavy barrel) which means the barrel has an increased thermal mass, allowing it to be used in more intense tactical situations. 

There is also a C8 Special Forces Weapon (SF), this is a high accuracy, high modular weapon system designed to meet the needs of special forces , it is highly customisable, and highly reliable.  This includes a heat dissipation feature in the barrel, 3 position buttstock, modular handguard system with rails to attach lasers, illuminators, bipod attachments, sling swivels, and other equipment. It is available in arctic white, desert tan, olive drab or the traditional black and there's a cleaning kit in the handle grip. 

As such it's a safe bet that this is what the SAS are using. 

The C8 can be fitted with converted Heckler and Koch AG36 grenade launcher. 

http://www.diemaco.com/

 

Heckler & Koch 33

From what I can gather the SAS only use this rifle when on body guarding duty; they carry it in the back of their own vehicles and use the version with a retractable stock (the A3) and have it fitted with a laser red dot sight. 
They will bring the HK33 out when they need more firepower than that from a handgun and more range than provided by the H&K MPK-PDW which they carry under their jackets,

For more information on the H&K 33 visit - http://www.hkpro.com/HK33.htm

 

H&K AG36 40mm Grenade Launcher 

SAS grenade launcher.
40mm Grenade Launcher.

Calibre:          40mm 
Weight:           3.30lbs 
Barrel Length:    11.00" 
Overall length:   13.90" 
Ammunition Type:  Most commonly used CN/CS/OC tear gas rounds, smoke, non lethal projectiles, signal and practice rounds as well as standard 40mm rnds

http://www.hk-usa.com/ 

The Heckler and Koch Grenade Launcher is a lightweight single shot breech loaded 40mm weapon that is converted by Diemaco for attachment to the C7 and C8. It can also be fitted to the H&K G36 (as seen

SAS books both fact and fiction.



SAS Black Ops - Al-Qaeda Dawn.

SAS Black Ops - Al-Qaeda Dawn: Product Description

On the morning of September 11th 2001 MI5 and Special Branch intercept an al-qaeda cell trying to board airliners at Heathrow airport. A second cell has been allowed to run. Once the day ends in infamy in the US, MI5 realise their mistake. They need information - and they need it quickly before the second cell can attack UK targets. The only place to get the info needed is in the badlands of Afghanistan. Ex-SAS troop commander Jonny Davies and three former colleagues are recruited to faciliate the mission. Little does Jonny Davies and his team know the lengths British Intelligence will go to conceal a potential terrorist attack in the UK, or the type of criminal activity he'll be asked to undertake in the name of the state. Will his team commit mass murder? Will they blindly follow orders? What price a man's conscience? Bribery - corruption, firefights and death are just part of the routine. It's what the boys do! Sit back and take an action packed roller-coaster ride of a black ops mission with a sting in the tail. Even elite soldiers screw up from time to time. A raw insight into the dirty bits the public don't see; the shadowy bits members of the security service try to hide. Some secrets are too big to let the terrorists live or the media report! Even terrorists need to understand, there are some lines you just don't cross! Read more....

Last Night Another Soldier.

Last Night Another Soldier: Product Description

Afghanistan, 2009. A Rifle section is halfway through their six-month tour of duty in Helmand Province. Sixteen men from their Battalion have already been killed. Forty-seven others have been wounded and flown back home. The last three months have been tough and it shows. Their kit is in a bad way. They are in a bad way. Young men with tans, scruffy beards, peeling noses and lips burnt raw by the Afghan sun. Despite the hardships they are enjoying their time out here learning how to fight the Taleban. The lads are on their way to becoming the best soldiers in the Army.Last Night Another Soldier… is the story of four of the young men in this Rifle section, partly told from the point of view of eighteen-year-old squaddie, David ‘Briggsy’ Briggs. Read more....

Remote Control.

Remote Control: Product Description

'It's a corker' Independent 'An enjoyably gritty thriller' The Scotsman 'Proceeds with a testosterone surge' Daily Telegraph. Read more....

Bravo Two Zero .

Bravo Two Zero: Product Description

" 'A gripping account of special forces at work...a tremendous adventure story' DUFF HART-DAVIS, Daily Telegraph. 'Superhuman endurance, horrendous torture, desperate odds - unparalleled revelations' Daily Mail. 'One of the most extraordinary examples of human courage and survival in modern warfare' The Times. 'The best account yet of the SAS in action' JAMES ADAMS, Sunday Times" Read more....

Exit Wound.

Exit Wound: Product Description

Review
McNab's years of experience in the front line shine through this fast, furious novel. --The Daily Express on Brute Force

Book Description
The breathtaking new Nick Stone thriller from the bestselling author of Bravo Two Zero Read more....

DropZone.

DropZone: Terminal Velocity: Product Description

The Raiders are a talented young skydiving team - with a secret. They are also a highly trained group of covert operatives, carrying out deniable missions for Britain's intelligence services. Under the demanding guidance of their ice-cold leader, an ex SAS explosives expert with many live covert special ops missions into active war zones behind him, the Raiders are developing into an impressive unit. This time, the mission lands Ethan and the team in the most perilous adventure of their careers. The bodies of homeless teenagers are turning up dumped on the street, having been beaten to death. At first no one really seems to care, but then one survives long enough to talk of being forced to fight in a cage, and the authorities suspect organised crime. But they have no luck cracking the impenetrable wall of silence surrounding the organisation. They need a teenager, trained in hand-to-hand combat, to go in undercover. Ethan's the obvious choice... Read more....

Brute Force (Nick Stone 11).

Brute Force (Nick Stone 11): Product Description

The breathtaking new Nick Stone thriller from the bestselling author of Bravo Two Zero. Read more....

The Grey Man .

The Grey Man: Product Description

A STUNNING ACTION THRILLER FROM A REAL-LIFE HEROKevin Dodds leads a dull, uneventful life. He has a steady job at the bank, a nice house and car. His wife goes to Bingo on a Saturday night, but he usually stays in to save money. But Kevin has spent enough quiet nights in watching TV and decides he'd like a night out himself. And he's not talking about a pint and a packet of peanuts down at the local. He's going to attempt to pull off a daring bank robbery single handed.Kevin is about to take a heart-thumping step into the unknown.For once, he's going to stop being the grey man... Read more....

Alpha Force: Rat-Catcher.

Alpha Force: Rat-Catcher: Product Description

The team is in action: Alex, Li, Paulo, Hex and Amber. An elite team sent to South America to take part in a covert SAS operation to catch an evil drugs rat. They begin with the street kids but their adventure takes them high into the isolated mountains. Will their combined skills be enough to lead to a successful operation? The second adventure in the Alpha Force series. Read more....

Alpha Force: Desert Pursuit.

Alpha Force: Desert Pursuit: Product Description

Alex. Li. Paulo. Hex. Amber. Five kids, each with special skills, have bonded into a unique team, ready to go anywhere in the world to help others in need. Undercover, they head for the Sahara desert, resolved to gather evidence of young landmine victims. But they are catapulted into a desperate race across the desert when they discover something even worse - a gang of child-slavers operating in the area. The team is in pursuit . . . Read more....

Alpha Force: Survival.

Alpha Force: Survival: Product Description

The first in an exciting new series for children from ex-SAS officer and bestselling adult author Chris Ryan. Five kids: Alex, Li, Paulo, Hex and Amber, are marooned on a desert island where they must face the ultimate test - survival! Killer komodo dragons, sharks and modern day pirates are amongst the dangers they face. Can the five bond as a team - and stay alive? Read more....

Alpha Force: Red Centre.

Alpha Force: Red Centre: Product Description

Alpha Force - a group of five kids dedicated to fighting against injustice in the world - are in Australia, helping with a TV reality show. But when Paulo spots a dangerous terrorist hiding out in a nearby town, events suddenly force them into a terrifying adventure as the terrorist seizes hostages and flies off into the bush. Supporting the Australian SAS, Alpha Force have to take action - even if it means flying into the midst of a scary bushfire- Read more....

Alpha Force: Hunted.

Alpha Force: Hunted: Product Description

Alpha Force - an elite five-member squad of young people with special skills and training - head to Namibia to compete in an extreme sports contest. When they discover a horrifying threat to the local wildlife, they snap into action, only to find themselves facing a desperate flight across the African plains, pursued by a group who are prepared to shoot to kill. The team freefall into danger- Read more....

Task Force Black.

Task Force Black: The explosive true story of the SAS and the secret war in Iraq: Product Description

When British and American forces invaded Iraq in April 2003, their intelligence operations got to work looking for the WMD their governments had promised us were there. They quickly realised no such weapons existed. Instead they become faced with an ever-increasing spiral of extremism and violence that was almost impossible to understand, let alone contain.This book tells the story of what happened next, one of the most dramatic and sustained operations in our recent military history. Up against the wall, under the aegis of the joint forces commanded by Major General McChrystal, our men moved into action using the wide variety of aircraft and weaponry at their disposal. Combining intelligence with brute force, the SAS went on the attack, night after night targeting Al-Qaeda and other insurgent groups with an intensity never before practiced by the service, destroying the terrorist threat and saving lives. Read more....

The Circuit: An Ex-SAS Soldier.

The Circuit: An Ex-SAS Soldier's True Account of One of the Most Powerful and Secretive Industries Spawned by the War on Terror: Product Description

After nearly 20 years of SAS operations, including a never before published role in the infamous Bravo Two Zero patrol, Bob retired from the military to work as an advisor on the international commercial security circuit. Certain his most dangerous days were behind him, Bob settled into a sedate life looking after VIPs. Then 9/11 happened. Bob found himself back in war zones on assignments far more perilous than anything he had encountered in the SAS: from ferrying journalists across firing lines in The West Bank and Gaza to travelling to the heart of Osama bin Laden’s Afghan lair. As part of a two-man team, Bob searched for ITN Correspondent Terry Lloyd’s missing crew in Basra, Iraq, while in Afghanistan, he was forced to spend the night as the only Westerner in Khost – with a $25,000 bounty on his head. As the War on Terror escalated, Bob contended with increasingly sophisticated insurgents. But the most disturbing development he witnessed was much closer to home; namely The Circuit’s rise from a niche business staffed by top veterans into an unregulated, billion dollar industry that too often places profits above lives. This is an important, pulse-racing and at times shocking testament to what is really happening, on the ground, in the major trouble spots of the world, culminating in an explosive conclusion: The Circuit is undermining the War on Terror. Read more....

The Infidel .

The Infidel: Product Description

When Islamic militants infiltrate an elite British counter-narcotics programme, disaster is averted thanks to SAS veterans John Patterson and Dusty Miller. But when fallout from the affair threatens to topple the West's fragile Afghan alliance and expose failings inside the UK's new crime fighting agency, John and Dusty suddenly find themselves on the wrong side of the law. Alone and on the run, one place on earth holds the key to their innocence: Nuristan, a remote Afghan province and notorious terrorist haven. But their journey to freedom will thrust them deeper into the Afghan conflict than they ever imagined. Battling hostile terrain and Islamic fighters, John and Dusty emerge the unlikely champions of an ancient community torn apart by al-Qaeda and western forces. Read more....



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